US News Two Nobel-winning nuclear experts say that North Korea shouldn’t be alone in giving up nukes

15:35  11 june  2018
15:35  11 june  2018 Source:   qz.com

Giuliani: Kim Jong Un got 'on his hands and knees and begged' for summit

  Giuliani: Kim Jong Un got 'on his hands and knees and begged' for summit President Trump's attorney Rudy Giuliani said Wednesday that North Korea's Kim Jong Un got "on his hands and knees and begged" American diplomats to reinstate a planned meeting with Trump after it was canceled last month.The former New York City mayor told The Wall Street Journal that Trump's cancellation of the meeting, which is now back on for the planned date of June 12, forced the North Korean leader into a favorable position. © Provided by The Hill "They also said they were going to go to nuclear war with us, they were going to defeat us in a nuclear war," Giuliani told the newspaper.

Under Kim's signature two -plank "byunjin" policy, the pursuit of nukes and economic modernization is likely viewed as " two wheels on the cart," Noerper said . "The challenge is we have to remember what North Korea has given up to build those nuclear weapons.

Kim Jong Un is 'stealing pages from his daddy's book': Experts say North Korea won ' t give up nukes . Halting missile launches and dismantling test sites do not reflect a commitment to roll back current nuclear capacities, experts warned.

 Video: Trump warns Kim Jong Un this is a 'one time shot' (Provided by Fox News)

North Korea’s UN ambassador for American affairs, his aide, and the two of us sat around a small circular table at the Mennonite office in New York. Our book on the medical consequences of nuclear war, with its cover picture of a devastated Hiroshima, sat between us. The United Nations building loomed in the background, and the East River beyond it.

We discussed what would happen if a single nuclear bomb exploded over our location in Manhattan: a massive blast and firestorm engulfing most of the city, the crush, the fire, the radiation injuries that would afflict hundreds of thousands, the destruction of the hospitals and deaths of healthcare workers. We looked toward Brooklyn, which would be hit with a pilgrimage of tens of thousands of dying and injured struggling to escape Manhattan, quickly overwhelming medical supplies and facilities. We noted that attempts to shelter underground in New York City’s subway system would lead to deaths by asphyxiation and cremation.

North Korea's Kim lands in Singapore, on cusp of making history

  North Korea's Kim lands in Singapore, on cusp of making history North Korean leader Kim Jong Un landed in Singapore on Sunday ahead of a summit with U.S. President Donald Trump that could end a nuclear stand-off between the old foes and transform his secretive, impoverished country. When Trump and Kim meet on the resort island of Sentosa on Tuesday they will be making history even before they start.Enemies since the 1950-53 Korean War, the leaders of North Korea and the United States have never met previously - or even spoken on the phone.

North Korea says it’s ready to negotiate with the US. South Korean Presidential Blue House via Getty Images. After years of building up nuclear and long-range missiles that target American cities, North Korea may be ready to strike a deal to give them up .

Why North Korea will give up its nukes . By Spencer Kim May 1. Talk of a Nobel Prize for President Trump circulated as the North and South Korean leaders held historic peace talks in South Korea on April 27.

a sunset over a body of water: mushroom cloud from nuclear bomb © Provided by Quartz mushroom cloud from nuclear bomb Our path to this conversation started 35 years ago with the work of International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), the organization for which we were awarded the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize. Sitting around this small table more than 30 years later, the goal of the four of us was to help decrease the risk of nuclear war between the US and North Korea—a challenge demonstrating the permanent problem nuclear weapons create for humanity.

On June 12, US president Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un will hold a summit meeting in Singapore. Trump has said “We will both try to make it a very special moment for world peace.” All of humanity should wish for their success. Peace between the United States and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) would be a great achievement welcomed by all. But it would be just one step in resolving the larger nuclear dilemma—the spread of nuclear weapons across nine countries, the desire of terrorists to obtain such weapons, and the possibility that one or more of the world’s existing 16,000 nuclear weapons will be launched in error.

Unorthodox Trump faces toughest test yet in NKorea summit

  Unorthodox Trump faces toughest test yet in NKorea summit Embarking on a self-described "mission of peace," President Donald Trump puts his seat-of-the-pants foreign policy to its toughest test yet as he attempts this week to personally broker an end to North Korea's nuclear program in talks with Kim Jong Un. 

Two Nobel Prize- winning nuclear experts explain the unlikely reasons why Trump could be our savior. The United States must greatly strengthen and expand its nuclear capability until such time as the world comes to its senses regarding nukes .

Experts say no country "needs nuclear weapons more than North Korea " under threats from President Donald Trump. There is 'no way' North Korea could trust the US and give up its nuclear weapons.

As dangerous as the US-DPRK nuclear confrontation is, it is just another flare from the 70 years of risk created by the development of nuclear weapons. Their continued possession by the world’s powers has bred proliferation with a dangerous increase in the number of nuclear-armed nations. The advancement of technologies such as computer prototyping and 3D printing also facilitates proliferation by making the nukes easier to produce. The increase in the number of small nations with nuclear weapons in turn decreases the security of larger nations. Nuclear weapons are a great equalizer: Nukes permit smaller nations—or nebulous terrorist groups—to threaten a great power such as the United States, China, or Russia. They make the weak, rogue states equal to the great powers.

Despite biologic and chemical weapons of mass destruction being outlawed, nuclear weapons are still legal. In 2017, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), an organization borne out of the IPPNW, for its proposal to abolish nuclear weapons.

Kim agrees to put his nukes on summit agenda

  Kim agrees to put his nukes on summit agenda Kim Jong Un will discuss denuclearisation with Donald Trump at their Singapore summit, North Korean state media has confirmed. KCNA said the pair would discuss a "permanent and durable peace-keeping mechanism" on the Korean Peninsula and other issues of mutual concern on Tuesday.The report also said Mr Kim was accompanied by his foreign minister Ri Yong Ho, defencee minister No Kwang Chol and his sister Kim Yo Jong.Both parties have both arrived in Singapore ahead of an historic detente between Washington and Pyongyang, who have technically been at war for more than six decades.

This week, a prominent expert in the field, and author of “ Nuclear Showdown: North Korea Takes on the World,” Gordon Chang, was Specifically, Chang said , “At some point in the past, we’ve heard the North Koreans say denuclearization of the Korean peninsula means the U.S. give up its nuclear

Rare talks proposed by both North and South Korea might calm tensions between the neighbors, but don' t expect Kim Jong Un to give up his nuclear arsenal any time soon, experts say .

There is therefore only one long-term global solution: total nuclear disarmament. The denuclearization of the Korean peninsula could be a first step toward that goal.

Slideshow: Donald Trump, Kim Jong Un arrive in Singapore for nuclear summit (Provided by USA TODAY)

a small boat in a body of water with a city in the background: The view of Resorts World Sentosa island in Singapore is pictured on June 6, 2018.A highly anticipated meeting between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un will take place at a resort island off Southern Singapore, the White House confirmed on June 5, 2018. Donald Trump, Kim Jong Un arrive in Singapore for nuclear summit

Disarming North Korea—and the world

Over the past four months, we have discussed these points with the North Korean ambassador. Although the United States does not have diplomatic relations with North Korea, Americans can speak with DPRK officials through their mission to the United Nations—a path called the “New York channel.” With the assistance of Doug Hostetter, director of the Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) United Nations office, which has assisted with humanitarian aid for the DPRK for over two decades, we were able to plead our case.

We first met with the DPRK ambassador and his aide in late 2017, two days before Christmas. It was a dark moment in a dark political climate, shared at the darkest time of year: the day of the winter solstice. The conversation quickly turned to the historic roots of the confrontation. The ambassador stated that the DPRK had developed nuclear weapons to deter a nuclear attack by the United States, which he noted was the only nation to have used nuclear weapons. To our surprise, he said that North Korea seeks a nuclear-free world.

Korea sanctions must stay until Kim makes move to give up nukes, says No 10

  Korea sanctions must stay until Kim makes move to give up nukes, says No 10 Downing Street has welcomed the historic summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un in Singapore. North Korea must take “concrete” steps towards denuclearisation before benefiting from any relaxation of international sanctions, Downing Street has said.

Not so fast, say experts . No more nuclear tests. A suspension of missile launches. Now we ' re on the edge of two summits," Gallucci said . "I like B better than A. So let 'em talk, and let's find out what the deal might be ." North Korea suspends nuclear and missile tests, state media says .

There’s little to suggest that North Korea won ’ t continue testing weapons, including nukes , in 2018. After the nation launched its third ICBM last month, Kim did say “We have finally realized the great historic cause of completing the state nuclear force

We responded that the US, which is a signatory of the 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), also seeks a world free of nuclear weapons. Because of a 50-year delay in nuclear disarmament by the US and other nuclear nations, a new treaty with time limits was recently introduced by ICAN. The new treaty was supported by 123 members of the UN—but opposed by all nuclear armed nations.

This was the first of many visits between us. In a later meeting, we reviewed a tape of our 1982 TV broadcast to over 100 million people in Russia, in which we showed pictures of the wounded in Hiroshima and criticized funds being spent on weapons instead of hospitals.

We concluded a third meeting with a video showing South Korean musicians and African-American singers performing a round of Arirang (a traditional favorite song of North and South Koreans) combined with Amazing Grace.

The ambassador hoped that we might visit Pyongyang for a medical conference and begin cooperative medical work with DPRK colleagues. (We have now received and accepted an official invitation for a delegation of five Harvard-affiliated physicians to visit Pyongyang Medical College later this year.)

Video: South Korean President hopes for successful summit between Trump and Kim (Provided by Reuters)

'A changed era': How N Korea is reporting talks

  'A changed era': How N Korea is reporting talks North Korea's state media has described the talks between Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump as part of a "changed era" - the secretive state's first comment on the momentous summit. The KCNA news agency said the two leaders will exchange "wide-ranging and profound views" during their meeting at the five-star Capella Hotel on Sentosa Island. Your browser does not support this video require(["binding"], function (binding) { binding("wcVideoPlayer", "#video_player_4b42a3ff-989a-4d78-bc05-766771d2572b").

North Korea Continues with the "Good Guy" Strategy, Says It Would Consider Giving Up Nukes March 6, 2018. Does This End Trump's Dreams of Winning the Nobel Peace Prize? May 24, 2018.

In fact, North Korea 's nuclear weapons program and its development of long-range rocket systems have been three generations in the making. We ' re not going to let [ North Korea ] run out the clock again," Graham said . "They talk about giving up [weapons], but they wind up building up


The future of nuclear threat

In 2017, the US-North Korea standoff brought the hidden danger of nuclear weapons back out of the shadows. North Korea exploded weapons and launched intercontinental missiles. Trump threatened “fire and fury like the world has never seen.” Kim said that “the entire United States is within range of our nuclear weapons. The button is always on my desk.” Trump stated that he had a bigger button. The nuclear threat to humanity, ever-present since Hiroshima but only intermittently visible, suddenly recaptured the attention it deserves.

The current escalating nuclear danger reminds us of a similar time of peril. In 1980, the United States and the Soviet Union spoke of fighting and winning a nuclear war with their 60,000 nuclear weapons. As physicians, we joined with Russian colleagues to publicize the medical facts demonstrating that there will be no winners in a nuclear war. For these efforts, the IPPNW was awarded itsNobel. Thirty-two years later, we hoped that a focus on the human consequences of the use of nuclear weapons could again be instructive for world leaders.

The public needs to stay informed to help governments abandon a nuclear mindset and move toward safety; in particular, the young need to add their energy and idealism in this struggle for the future of humanity.

The nuclear threat had been hidden from millennials, who came of age after the fall of the Soviet Union. But now that they have been alerted to the North Korean crisis, their eyes have been opened. With the problem once again clearly visible, it is our hope that today’s youth will advocate outlawing nuclear weapons. They are the flagbearers of the future, and they are the ones who will increase the chances for our survival and that of all generations.

The sharp contrast between Trump’s thumbs-up to a dictator and his snub of a US ally

  The sharp contrast between Trump’s thumbs-up to a dictator and his snub of a US ally Today Donald Trump shook hands with Kim Jong Un at the US-North Korea summit in Singapore. The images of Trump glad-handing with Kim—and even giving… © Provided by Quartz U.S. President Donald Trump meets with Canada’'s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in a bilateral meeting at the G7 Summit in in Charlevoix, Quebec, Canada, June 8, 2018. In one image, the US president looks glum seated next to Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau. He’s looking away, with his hands between his legs, as Trudeau extends a hand.

The North , many experts believe, stands on the brink of being able to target the entire U.S. mainland with its nuclear -armed missiles, and while there's deep skepticism that Kim will quickly give up those hard- won nukes , there's also some hope that diplomacy can replace the animosity between the U.S

Don’ t Panic About North Korea ’s Nukes . The Hysteria Is Only Making Things Worse. Sign In Sign Up . There are two reasons not to be so nervous about North Korea ’s recent tests of missiles and nuclear explosives.

At the dawn of the nuclear age, Albert Einstein stated that the world will require a new way of thinking if it is to survive. In the 70 years since, we have experienced multiple technical mistakes and nuclear crises. On the current course, these crises will continue, and if governments don’t act, sooner or later, our luck will run out. An informed citizenry can help the nuclear-armed nations change course—and ensure a future for humanity.

Dr. James Muller was a co-founder and Dr. John Pastore was the executive secretary of the Nobel prize-winning International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW). Pastore has visited North Korea twice for medical work, and Muller has recently met with diplomats at the DPRK UN mission to discuss possible future cooperation with North Korean physicians in the fields of cardiology and prevention of nuclear war.

This article is part of Quartz Ideas, our home for bold arguments and big thinkers.

Slideshow: Photos: North Korea Demolishes Nuclear Test Site (Provided by Microsoft ICE)

Is Trump gaslighting the world on North Korea? .
Trump's certainty of success in Singapore is not shared by the majority of the American people.Critics of President Trump routinely accuse him of "gaslighting" — that is, of deliberately repeating misinformation to the extent that the public starts doubting verifiable facts and believing in Trump's self-serving talking points.

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