US News The history of how train travel changed the whole world’s relationship with time

07:40  09 may  2018
07:40  09 may  2018 Source:   qz.com

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  Video raises doubts of toilet water being used for tea, coffee on train, Rs 1 lakh fine on contractor Video raises doubts of toilet water being used for tea, coffee on train, Rs 1 lakh fine on contractorA vending contractor has been slapped with a fine of Rs 1 lakh by the Indian Railways after a video suggesting that water from a train toilet was being used to prepare tea and coffee surfaced, the South Central Railway (SCR) said on Wednesday.

While the advent of train travel altered previously held concepts of time and distance, learn about 10 railways and train journeys that also changed the course of history . Find out how the transcontinental railroad transformed America into one nation.

Traveling the world has changed me but these stand out and have shaped me into the person I am today. This is how travel has changed my life. Leaving home for the first time is absolute freedom. The ability to touch down in Europe and go anywhere on the next train feels incredible.

a clock sitting in front of a store: A wall of old clocks, India. © Provided by Quartz A wall of old clocks, India. Time, famously, stops for no one. Yet it doesn’t pass the same way in every place—and at one point in human history, that was a major source of contention.

In the new book The Order of Time, published in April, quantum physicist Carlo Rovelli discusses the history of human tools used to measure time. Hard as it may be to fathom in our current era, people’s lives weren’t always ruled by the clock.

“Sundials, hourglasses, and water clocks already existed in the ancient world, in the Mediterranean region and China—but they did not play the cruel role that clocks have today in the organization of our lives,” Rovelli writes.

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Perhaps you’ve heard of time travelers erasing their family trees, or screwing up world history , or destroying the universe altogether. The most common theory of time travel goes like this: if you change the past, those changes ripple into the future.

How is the discussion changed when the work necessary to construct scientific facts and He may even start to think that isochronic time (measured by his watch in relation with the train ’ s means, but that the whole history of bio-logical life, from the earliest pre-Cambrian ferns to the superior

Clock-regulated time began in the 14th-century Europe, where every city and village had a sundial and measured the passing hours with ringing church bells. Still, these bells didn’t toll together; Venice and Paris, say, weren’t in sync.

Instead, every place, even those close together, operated on a slightly different time. Everyone agreed that noon was when the sun was highest in the sky. But the sun moves from east to west, so mid-day differed in various locales. The hour indicated on a sundial is called “apparent solar time,” or “true local time.”

Slideshow: Vintage photos that show how glamorous train travel used to be (INSIDER)

The INSIDER Summary:Traveling by train used to be a lot fancier. First class cabins were furnished like living rooms and included radio gramophones.Passengers dined on fine china and played cards to pass the time. Traveling by train was pretty swanky from the 1930s to the 1960s, and it hasn't gone out of style. Today, Japan's  Bullet Train can make the trip from Tokyo to Osaka in just two and a half hours, and Amtrak is working on  high-speed trains to launch in 2021.  Still, the lavish furnishings and fine dining of the past hold a special place in the railroad's  rich history. Here's what train travel looked like in the good old days. Vintage photos that show how glamorous train travel used to be It wasn’t until the 19th century that train travel exposed the need for a more uniform way of measuring time. “It is awkward to organize train timetables if each station marks time differently,” Rovelli writes. And so the notion of “standard time” was born.

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Now if somehow our train or spaceships are able to travel at speed of light, time for the person sitting inside that Train However, I had already dealt with Ellerman in my report, Changing Worlds Like TV Channels.Here How can I learn the concepts of time travel ? Is time travel mathematically possible?

Search the whole site. This changes in the 17th century, when there is some improvement in the paving of roads. Samuel Pepys, conscious of rising in the world , considers it embarrassing in 1667 to be seen in London in a common hackney carriage which anyone can hire.

In November 1840, the Great Western Railway of Britain adopted this fictitious measure, known locally as Greenwich Mean Time. Other railways soon followed suit. Standard time didn’t become the law of the land until 1880, however, when the Definition of Time Act took effectin the UK and received the Royal Assent.

Britain proposed that the rest of the world follow its lead, and suggested that midday in London would be noontime everywhere else—even in places where noon might fall at midnight. As Rovelli puts it, “people are attached to local time,” so this idea didn’t fly.

But compromises had to be made, or chaos would reign. Lack of standardization was bad for businesses like the shipping industry. So, in 1884, chronologists from around the world met for the International Meridian Conference in Washington DC, where Britain convinced other countries to adopt Greenwich Mean Time as the prime meridian for measuring longitude and timekeeping.

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  20 youths wearing balaclavas storm train with knives before spray painting and causing major damage 20 youths wearing balaclavas storm train with knives before spray painting and causing major damageIn what Irish Rail has described as an “unprecedented graffiti attack” around a dozen youths blocked the doors of a DART with pieces of wood at Clongriffin Train Station in north Dublin, preventing the train from moving.

James Attlee reveals how rail travel has transformed Britain’ s relationship with the rest of the world This article was first published in May 2015. 6) Train vision. Trains have changed the way we perceive the world .

Each Tube train travels an average of 114,500 miles a year, or 4.6 times around the world . The longest distance between adjacent stations is approximately 3.9 miles, between Chesham to Chalfont & Latimer.

The reasoning for this was that the Brits had more ships than all other nations put together and had highly developed nautical maps, as well as advanced chronological data. GMT thus became the standard, and the globe was divided into three corresponding time zones. “In this way, the discrepancy between 12 on the clock and local midday is limited to 30 minutes,” the physicist explains.

Still, standardization was a slow process—and one that faced some resistance. Railways in the US and Canada coordinated clocks in November 1883. But the city of Detroit, for example, clung to sun time. In 1900, the Detroit City Council ordered that clocks be adjusted 28 minutes to abide by Central Standard Time. Citizens refused, however, and the decision was rescinded.

In fact, uniformity wasn’t established in the US until 1918, when the Standard Time Act passed. Today, there are 37 different local times in use around the world.

Now, technology is changing our relationship with time again. In Britain, schools are removing analog clocks from exam room walls, replacing the traditional round-faced tools with digital timepieces, which are easier for postmodern students to read. Malcolm Trobe, deputy general secretary at the Association of School and College Leaders, told The Telegraph in April, “You don’t want them to put their hand up to ask how much time is left.”

Travel chaos could hit FA Cup and wedding parties .
People travelling around London for the FA Cup final and royal wedding celebrations may find their journeys scuppered by multiple rail closures. There will be no Southern Rail services between Clapham Junction and Milton Keynes Central, which goes through Wembley Central on 19 May, after Network Rail designated the weekend for planned engineering works.These have since been cancelled, but not in enough time for Southern to staff the services which would normally run.

Source: http://uk.pressfrom.com/news/world/us-news/-256565-the-history-of-how-train-travel-changed-the-whole-world-s-relationship-with-time/

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