US News Googling gives us answers—but deprives us of intelligence

20:10  20 april  2017
20:10  20 april  2017 Source:   Quartz

Official: Russia knew Syrian chemical attack was coming

  Official: Russia knew Syrian chemical attack was coming The United States has concluded Russia knew in advance of Syria's chemical weapons attack last week, a senior U.S. official said Monday. The official said a drone operated by Russians was flying over a hospital as victims of the attack were rushing to get treatment. Hours after the drone left, a Russian-made fighter jet bombed the hospital in what American officials believe was an attempt to cover up the usage of chemical weapons.The senior official said the U.S. has no proof of Russian involvement in the actual chemical attack in northern Syria.

Разместить твит. Googling gives us answers — but deprives us of intelligence

Search engines play one of the most significant roles in our technologically enabled lives by shaping how we conceptualize and interact with information, knowledge, wisdom, and arguably reality itself. They are our externalized reasoning machines

A Google carpet is seen at the entrance of the new headquarters of Google France before its official inauguration in Paris © Provided by Quartz A Google carpet is seen at the entrance of the new headquarters of Google France before its official inauguration in Paris Search engines play one of the most significant roles in our technologically enabled lives by shaping how we conceptualize and interact with information, knowledge, wisdom, and arguably reality itself. They are our externalized reasoning machines, both facilitating our access to knowledge and quickly becoming our knowledge. They are where we go to research, clarify, and definitively answer our queries, which go on to form the substance of our opinions, views, and beliefs.

U.S. Army Considers Super-Weapon to Counter Russia

  U.S. Army Considers Super-Weapon to Counter Russia The Kinetic Energy Projectile launches a tungsten-based missile at Mach 3 that delivers a "devastating" load of hot metal fragments.Called the Kinetic Energy Projectile, the weapon is a tungsten-based warhead launched at more than three times the speed of sound that bursts into numerous flaming, metal fragments easily capable of piercing most conventional types of armor, according to Aviation Week. The Army is looking into fitting the new super-weapon onto existing launch platforms that are capable of supplying sufficient charge to shoot the projectile at such speeds.

Googling gives us answers — but deprives us of intelligence #socialbusiness #social #marketing #socialmedia #growthh…

Ads are being blocked. For us to continue writing great stories, we need to display ads.

From the explicit knowledge acquired from the lost art of slow, considered research to the implicit knowledge lost in imagining what we don’t yet know, search engines are surreptitiously eroding the richness and diversity of our knowledge and lives. We reveal our deepest inner thoughts, fears, and desires to search-engine technologies, replacing the intimate human services otherwise offered by teachers, doctors, librarians, friends, confidants, psychiatrists, religious representatives, and respected elders.

This problem is underscored by worrying reports that document UK students citing “fake news” as objective facts in schoolwork and classroom debates, US sixth graders being taught “news literacy” out of necessity, and the global epidemic of a “post-truth” era that still finds no clear solutions or remedies. As we watch the next-generation—who have never known life without the internet—set adrift in a new world of inherent ambiguity, we urgently need to evolve search engines in parallel with the rapid pace of social progress.

'We'd be foolish to think that we are immune from terrorism' - Enda Kenny questioned on national security

  'We'd be foolish to think that we are immune from terrorism' - Enda Kenny questioned on national security Taoiseach Enda Kenny has called a security meeting today to discuss Ireland's national security after Sweden and Germany's recent terrorist attack."These are things that we cannot be distant from. We are a non-aligned, non-aggressive country, and though the threat is always present, it is not at a high level in Ireland and we try to keep it that way," Enda Kenny told the Dáil yesterday.

For us to continue writing great stories, we need to display ads. We use many online resources, the San Francisco Public Library, the Online Archive of California, the Internet Archive, David Rumsey Map Collection.

The site you are looking for,, has been temporarily disabled due to excessive bandwidth usage or incorrect billing information.

Here are the problems that we must surmount if we are to continue creating and sharing tools to help amplify and advance knowledge, reasoning, critical thought, and creative thinking.

1: Search is in conceptual stasis

The search engine is one of the defining technologies of our modern age, yet it is one of our least evolved tools since its first inception. Between 1998 and 2017, Google Search has barely evolved as a information retrieval conceptual model. Although it wasn’t the world’s first search engine, Google is now the dominant force in search by a monopoly-esque margin, currently holding 80.52% of the market share. As the world’s largest search engine, Google defines the conceptual mental models we employ to access information and knowledge. Their competitors—such as Bing, Yahoo!, Baidu (China), Yandex (Russia), and Naver (South Korea)—largely follow and mimic Google’s conceptual models, which results in all search engines seeming functionally generic other than a few minor territorial or technical differences. Arguably, the only noticeable changes Google has made in the past 20 years have been iterative cosmetic changes to its logo/Google Doodle logos and the page layout. Compare this to the evolution of cell phone technology over the same time period—from bulky voice-and-SMS-only devices to the now ubiquitous smartphone, which is truly a pocket-sized personal computer.

Andhra netas come under scanner after note seizure

  Andhra netas come under scanner after note seizure A group of politicians, including some Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) from Andhra Pradesh, have come under the scanner of the Enforcement Directorate (ED), following seizures of Rs 15.75 crore in demonetised notes.The seizures were made by the directorate of revenue intelligence, which took 10 people into custody — mostly businessmen dealing in real estate, jewellery and trading.

blog '' is not exists. The Intelligence of Dogs: Canine Consciousness and Capabilities epub pdf txt.

blog '' is not exists. Usa , Imperialists and Anti-Imperialists (The Great Foreign Policy Debate at the

2: Search is a black-box technology

Dominant search engines are the very definition of a “black-box technology”: As users we know the input (a search query) and output (the search results), but have no transparent knowledge of a search engine’s internal methodologies processing what happens between input and output. The question we increasingly need to ask ourselves is what exactly is driving the transformation from a query to a result, from our question to their answer. What belief systems, values, methodologies, technical limitations, logics, reasoning, ideologies, philosophies, political influences, and financial influences make up the contents of theses black boxes of transformation? We may never know.

3: Search is biased

No technology is neutral. Conducting a simple Google Image search on the term “beauty” will very quickly illustrate this—go try it. According to Google’s algorithms, beauty is rendered as purely relative to the human body, specifically the human face, the female face, the young female face, the young female face of defined body shape, and the young female face of defined body shape and racial profiles.

CIA chief Pompeo brands Wikileaks a 'hostile' spy agency

  CIA chief Pompeo brands Wikileaks a 'hostile' spy agency The director of the CIA, Mike Pompeo, has branded WikiLeaks a "hostile intelligence agency," claiming it represents a threat to US national security. The group has been accused of swaying the 2016 presidential election. In his first public speech since being appointed as CIA chief, Pompeo on Thursday said WikiLeaks was often abetted by other countries, adding that the group had "no moral compass." He claimed that - rather than opposing dictators and autocratic regimes - WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was guilty of siding with them.

blog '' is not exists. Give Your Baby A Higher IQ Through Better Nutrition

This account has been temporarily disabled due to a problem. If you are the owner of the site, please click here to correct the problem.

As such, the search is not only significantly gender, age, race, and body-shape biased, but it is also monolithically conceptually biased. There is no room in these results, by example, for a newborn baby, a stranger’s smile, a sunrise, or the paintings of William Turner. Every technology comes coupled with trade-offs and biases. The bias in this example is largely born of a commercial bias: The beauty industry invests more money and substance (which translates to content and data) into the web’s infrastructure than appreciators of newborn babies or Turner’s paintings. Therefore, beauty-industry-related results fast become a self-fulfilling prophecy.

4: Search is overly simplistic

Larry Page, Google’s co-founder, once described the perfect search engine as a machine that “understands exactly what you mean and gives you back exactly what you want.” The critical issue with this notion is that it engineers all of the information and knowledge we didn’t mean to view but might yet still enlighten us out of reality; it edits out all that we don’t want to hear but might need to hear.

5: Search’s reach and depth are a fallacy

The trade-off we accept from algorithm-driven search engines is a quickly and conveniently ordered results page that floats the most relevant information to the top and sinks all other information incrementally further to the bottom. Every search-results page is preceded with the total number of results found on that query—a figure very usually within the millions. This figure gives us a sense of reassurance that the search engine is doing its job wonderfully by both instantly accessing all the vast amounts of relevant information available to us and then organizing it into a useable, ordered state. But this figure is entirely arbitrary. Users wishing to access even a fraction of the depth alluded to would spend months clicking through each results page. For example, a search of “what is love” returns about 480,000,000 results. If we imagine each page took just five seconds to load and then we skim read each, it would take a user 11.5 days of consecutive clicking to reach just the one-millionth results page, an undertaking very few of us would willingly take on.

Islamic State militant linked to Charlie Hebdo attack could still be alive - Iraq

  Islamic State militant linked to Charlie Hebdo attack could still be alive - Iraq An Islamic State militant linked to the deadly 2015 attack on French weekly Charlie Hebdo could be still be alive, the Iraqi military said on Saturday. Boubaker el-Hakim was reported by American defence officials to have been killed in November, in a U.S. drone strike in Raqqa, Islamic State's de facto capital in Syria.Iraqi intelligence supplied information to the Syrian airforce to carry out a series of strikes on Islamic State headquarters and hideouts in Syria, including one believed to belong to el-Hakim, an Iraqi military statement said.

blog '' is not exists. We Are Poor but So Many: The Story of Self-Employed Women in India epub

This Account has been suspended.

6: Search results’ methodology is a failing democracy

Within Google’s original philosophy, “Ten things we know to be true” (removed by Google in 2017 but archived here by, principle four states “Democracy on the web works.” This was the founding principle of Google PageRank, an algorithm that works by counting the number and quality of links to a page to determine a rough estimate of how important the website is. PageRank was the primary means by which Google’s search results won the battle of relevancy and resulting market dominance. The principle followed the logic that the most linked-to web pages are most likely to be the most relevant, and hence would find themselves higher in the organized hierarchy of results. Every link was seen as a digital vote, and the logic of democracy governed that the most votes won the race to rule. This logic was always a flawed interpretation of democracy when applied to the web, at first by those crudely manufacturing links through automated link farming in order to improve an individual website’s profile, and later by seemingly highly sophisticated manipulations conducted to advance political and ideological agendas.

7: Search is gameable

In December 2016, an investigation by The Guardian found that Google Search was subject to manipulation by rightwing entities able to game the search autocomplete algorithms. They did this, according to research by Elon University assistant Professor Jonathan Albright, by creating an ecosystem of interlinked alternative sites and content that are so sophisticated that their influence bleeds into the wider web. This gaming has led to Google’s autocomplete finishing search queries with suggestions such as “are jews.. evil,” “are women.. evil,” and “do blacks.. commit more crime.” The issue was quickly rectified by Google, who released a statement saying, “We acknowledge that autocomplete isn’t an exact science and we’re always working to improve our algorithms.” This apparent gap between a tool perceived as objective and the officially acknowledged reality of a non-exact, highly subjective tool is ultimately fuelling our so-called “post-truth” condition.

WikiLeaks and its founder Julian Assange may face criminal charges in the US

  WikiLeaks and its founder Julian Assange may face criminal charges in the US The Department of Justice is reportedly considering criminal charges against WikiLeaks and its founder Julian Assange for their roles in several leaks dating back to 2010, multiple news outlets reported on Thursday. WikiLeaks was one of several publications that published sensitive military files obtained from a former US Army intelligence analyst several years ago -- and more recently dumped thousands of documents that it said detailed the hacking tools and techniques used by the CIA for foreign espionage in what appeared to be the largest leak of CIA documents in history.

blog '' is not exists. We Who Have Gone Before: Memory and an Old Wilderness Midwife epub pdf

blog '' is not exists. How Jesus Confronts the Culture of Death and Invites Us into the New Life of

8: Search is unaccountable

The seemingly objective results rendered by algorithm-powered search engines are currently subject to no self regulation, agreed moral or ethical conduct, or governing universal laws. Such unaccountability is unprecedented within a technology capable of significantly influencing elections, dictating objective accounts of current affairs, influencing societal norms, communicating interpretations of scientific findings, and steering consensus within public opinion.

9: Search is leading us into passive thinking

The “Google effect” describes the implications of a social and technological landscape where algorithms increasingly service access to collective knowledge, encapsulate our memories, and make decisions for us. We are now becoming ever more reliant upon the technologies’ powers of reasoning and less reliant upon our own. Hence, we quickly become less vigilant and increasingly passive in our judgment of the world around us.

Dr. Gary Klein, a research psychologist famous for pioneering in the field of naturalistic decision making, describes the problem as such: “When the algorithms are making the decisions, people often stop working to get better. As people become more dependent on algorithms, their judgment may erode, making them depend even more on the algorithms. That process sets up a vicious cycle. People get passive and less vigilant when algorithms make the decisions.” Attributes of human cognition that have evolved over millennia, such as our ability to practice critical thought, divergent thinking, empathy, reflection, and introspection, are now being radically diluted and potentially sacrificed to our reliance on externalized reasoning.

10: Search is an extraction industry

Like fossil fuels, mining, and quarrying, the financial model currently sustaining internet search is that of an extraction industry. Rather than the physical materials of traditional extraction industries, search extracts its users’ data and metadata for monetization that is fueled by advertising revenues in an economic model commonly known as “surveillance capitalism.” The access to data and meta-data produced by our online behaviors and digital identities are now a commodity for international trade by global corporations, and as with every extraction industry, exploitation is inevitable.

* * *

Such a diagnosis shouldn’t leave us in complete pessimistic despair. Technology, like life itself, is subject to evolution. Darwin lives among the machines as well or organic life. And as both natural evolution and technological progress demand mutation and adaption, innovation and reinvention are continuous forces of time. New opportunities for change arise from each of the above issues—opportunities that will fill empty niches and find advocates ready to render new alternatives possible. A new wave of search engines is already putting user privacy at the fore. Some of them include DuckDuckGo, findx, common search, startpage, and many more.

By creating both the demand for change and viable alternatives to deliver change, we can shift consensus and provide far better navigational tools for our children. Ultimately technologies should always serve their users, rather than users serving technologies. By tolerating these issues today, we are simply passing them down to another generation.

You can follow Ted on Twitter. Learn how to write for Quartz Ideas. We welcome your comments at

Russian warship sinks after crashing with freighter off Istanbul coast .
Russian warship sinks after crashing with freighter off Istanbul coastThe 78 crew members on board the Russian navy's intelligence vessel - Liman - were evacuated.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

This is interesting!