Tech & Science Many people can’t tell when photos are fake. Can you?

09:36  18 july  2017
09:36  18 july  2017 Source:   The Washington Post

Oprah is an actual goddess in these Disney film photos

  Oprah is an actual goddess in these Disney film photos About time!

The photo on the left was altered in a study of whether people can tell if a picture has been manipulated. On the right, the man's face has been flipped so that the shadow falls on the wrong side. (Courtesy of Sophie J. Nightingale). We are a society drowning in doctored photos .

You may think you can tell when a friend has airbrushed their photos but a study involving more than 700 people suggests you shouldn' t be so confident. Researchers found four in ten people couldn' t tell a fake picture from a real one, and even those that did notice something wrong could only spot

The photo on the left was altered in a study of whether people can tell if a picture has been manipulated. On the right, the man's face has been flipped so that the shadow falls on the wrong side. © Courtesy of Sophie J. Nightingale The photo on the left was altered in a study of whether people can tell if a picture has been manipulated. On the right, the man's face has been flipped so that the shadow falls on the wrong side. We are a society drowning in doctored photos. Strategically touched-up profiles on dating websites. Magazine covers adorned with pixel-shaved jaws and digitally enhanced busts. Twitter feeds ablaze with images manipulated for maximum outrage.

So amid this fakery and our obsession these days with “fake news,” just how good are we at separating fact from fiction when it comes to photos?

Oprah is an actual goddess in these Disney film photos

  Oprah is an actual goddess in these Disney film photos About time!

If you thought you heard the last on fake news, you were sadly mistaken. The photo , keep in mind, had no source or location attribution. Paired with the fact that most adults get their news from social media, and most young people can ’ t tell the difference, you can see just how problematic this issue is .

Apparently most of us can ' t tell what's wrong with a faked picture and some are worried it underlines the threat of fake news and propaganda. 1. Can you spot what's fake in this photo ? "The question of whether people can identify when images have been manipulated and what has been manipulated

Not good at all, says Sophie J. Nightingale, who researches cognitive psychology at the University of Warwick in England.

In a test designed by Nightingale and taken by more than 700 men and women, participants could tell an image was faked only 60 percent of the time — a little better than if they guessed completely at random. And with the correct picks, only 45 percent of participants could pinpoint what had been changed in a photo. (Men were slightly more adept at finding the specific change.)

“It’s a bit worrying,” said Nightingale, whose study was published Monday in the journal Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. “Photos are incredibly powerful. They influence how we see the world. They can even influence our memory of things. If we can’t tell the fake ones from the real ones, the fakes are going to be powerful, too.”

Oprah is an actual goddess in these Disney film photos

  Oprah is an actual goddess in these Disney film photos About time!

Fake profiles and chat bots were the most frustrating part of using Tinder when I compared it to its competitors. That said, Tinder also lets you link your Instagram account to share photos , and that’s a feature many people use.

Most people have strong intuitions about others that may sometimes give them a feeling that someone is " faking ." This intuition can mean any number of things, such as How can you tell when someone is faking confidence?

[Using some of the photos from Nightingale’s experiment, we’ve created a version of her test. Click here to see if you can match (or even beat) the 60 percent her participants scored.]

Our susceptibility to manipulated images is especially worrying when it comes to news.

During the terrorism attacks that killed 130 people in Paris in 2015, for example, a Canadian Sikh was falsely accused of being one of the attackers after a photo went viral, doctored to make him look like he was wearing a suicide bomb vest. A Spanish newspaper published the picture on its front page and later apologized. Less than a year later, the photo started circulating again after another terrorism attack in Nice.

Last month, following an attack on the London Bridge that killed eight people, fake photos started popping up of individuals falsely labeled as missing. Internet trolls widely shared a grainy picture of a man driving a silver car and said it was a picture of the suspect. (It turned out to be an old photo of a controversial but unrelated American comedian.) A screenshot of a Facebook feed claimed to show moderate Muslims reacting to the attack with overjoyed emojis.

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  Facebook is re-sculpting our memory "When we threw in photographs of events that could’ve happened within the sequence but didn’t, they would become a false memory.” To put that in a real world context, excessive scrolling through photos from a party last year could make you swear you remember Harry’s terrible late-night karaoke, when in fact you went home at 9pm.There’s also a phenomenon called “retrieval-induced forgetting”: Photographs can not just remind us of events, but determine which events we forget.

How can you tell when someone is faking confidence? In terms of relative numbers, more people will fall into the second camp than the first. You 're actually better off putting your trust in someone who says “hmmm, this could be tricky but I think I can figure it out for the most part”, than someone who

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Nightingale, who led the new study, said the power and pitfalls of fake photos have been a fascination ever since her first job in marketing right after college. For five long years, she was surrounded by pictures of perfect-looking people who were eating perfect-looking food and plugging perfect-looking lotions and gadgets.

“It wasn’t just the models that got airbrushed, it was everything,” Nightingale said. “I thought to myself, ‘There’s something a bit wrong here, isn’t there?’”

Nightingale, who is about to complete her PhD, decided to construct her experiment to try measuring just how gullible people are to manipulated images.

She took several photos and altered them in a variety of ways: airbrushing the sweat and wrinkles off a person’s face, adding and deleting items in the background, changing the light so that shadows fell on the wrong side. Then she assembled them into an online test that asked participants to view 10 randomly selected photos — some real, some altered — and identify the altered ones.

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  Couple Does Hilarious 1980s Themed Photo Shoot for Their Tenth Anniversary They wanted to do something fun for the milestone. One Ohio couple took it back to the 1980s to celebrate their tenth wedding anniversary.Danielle VanHorn and Steve VanHorn wanted to do something special for the milestone. Danielle said she really enjoys getting photos taken and when she brought up the idea to her husband, he wanted to put a spin on it.“[He said] ‘Let’s do a photo shoot but let’s make it fun. What about an 80s theme?’ I said ‘sure, whatever,’” Danielle told InsideEdition.com.Danielle said she thought he’d forget about it, but the idea didn’t go away.

How can you tell if one is faking a seizure? I'm assuming the person in question is having a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. First of all, assume that the patient is indeed having a real seizure and keep them as safe a…s possible from their surroundings as they thrash about.

When participants correctly guessed that a photo was fake , they were asked to select the region of the image That people are able to tell real from fake only a bit more than half the time is concerning, given that hoaxes and misinformation have influenced elections and inspired violence in the past year.

Among Nightingale’s test subjects, the results were surprisingly abysmal.

Some alterations, like changes to geometric shapes in the background of a picture, proved easier to detect than more subtle ones like airbrushing. But most of the time, even when viewers could tell something had been changed, they couldn’t say definitively what it was.

Unfortunately, she said, there’s not much we can do to improve people’s power of detection, at least for now. There has been little research on the cognitive processes involved.

“Many feel we should be more aware of fake photos,” said Nightingale who is especially worried about the implications of fake photos in court, where images are often used as evidence. “But if you just go around telling people don’t trust anything, then people will lose all faith in images, which is equally problematic. At the moment, when it comes to fake photos, we have a lot more problems then solutions, I’m afraid.”

Can’t see the quiz? Click here

Facebook disables modified link previews to fight fake news .
Facebook has begun implementing a new feature that can prevent fake news from making it on the social network. In our sample Facebook Page post below, you'll see our article's headline in big, bold letters and the text snippet underneath it:

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